According to legend, the Tuscan Archipelago was formed when the goddess Venus dropped her necklace into the ocean. The Tuscan Archipelago National Park is the largest in Italy, and the rare and beautiful environments on the islands are highly protected. Sailors can explore the shores of Capraia, Elba, Giglio and Giannutri with this route.
There are a few marinas in the Province of Livorno to choose from, but we suggest beginning your trip in Puntone, at the Marina di Scarlino. From here you can sail to Capraia and take in the rugged, rocky coastline. By boat you will find many isolated swimming spots between the rock formations that are otherwise inaccessible. Elba is the largest island in the chain, and Marciana Marina - a popular tourist destination, has some glorious sandy beaches. In Portoferraio you can visit Villa dei Mulini, where Napolean lived during his exile in 1814. Marciana Marina, Portoferraio and Porto Azzuro on Elba are all beautiful towns with lovely restaurants and cafés. A lot of the restaurants serve freshly caught seafood and locally made wine and Limoncello. There are also some excellent walking and cycling tracks on the island. Giglio Port is the only port on Giglio, but there is an anchorage and a lovely beach in Campese on the other side of the island. Inland, Giglio Castello is a medieval hilltop town, and walking through the ancient streets and alleyways is a great experience. Next, 15 kilometers from Giglio, Giannutri is the southernmost island in the archipelago. There are two beaches on the island: Cala Spalmatoio and Cala Maestra. Roman shipwrecks lie on the seabed and the island is popular with scuba divers.
The Tuscan Archipelago experiences a Mediterranean climate, and during the summer the weather is warm and breezy. However, we recommend this route to experienced sailors. Strong winds come from the North and West, and thunderstorms are common. Sailors should be wary of underwater tides and rock formations - high levels of attention are required.
Important: Montecristo is a nature reserve and boats must stay at least 1 nautical mile away from the island. Pianosa is also a wildlife sanctuary and boats are prohibited. Sailors who wish to travel to Bastia on Corsica should be sure to have insurance that is valid in both countries, and be prepared to show all the necessary documents at the port of entry.
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